AGNOSIA: Inability to recognize
the meaning of sensory stimuli.
APHASIA: Inability to understand or express language
whether written or spoken.
AUDITORY ASSOCIATION: Ability to relate spoken words
in a meaningful way.
AUDITORY CLOSURE: Ability to accurately
conceptualize in complete & meaningful form words or sounds
which are perceived in incomplete form.
AUDITORY DISCRIMINATION: Ability to discriminate
between sounds of different characteristic frequencies.
AUDITORY PERCEPTION: Ability to understand a
stimulus that is received by the auditory system resulting
AUDITORY RECEPTION: Ability to understand the spoken
COGNITIVE STYLE: An individual's characteristic
approach to problem solving & cognitive tasks.
DIRECTIONALITY: Projecting of all directions from
the body into space.
DISTRACTIBILITY: Ready & rapid shifting of attention
through a series of unimportant stimuli.
DYSARTHRIA: Defective articulation.
DYSCALCULIA: Calculation disability.
DYSGRAPHIA: Inability to express ideas in writing.
DYSLEXIA: Partial, or complete, inability to read or
to understand what one reads either silently or aloud.
DYSNOMIA: Word-finding disability.
EXECUTIVE FUNCTION SKILLS: The ability to understand
& apply concepts, strategies, & techniques of higher order
thinking. Executive Function Skills such as time
management, organization, prioritizing, nonverbal
communication, reading social cues & timing of oral
communication are some components of this cognitive area.
EXPRESSIVE LANGUAGE: Ability to recall relevant works
& sentences to develop those ideas into a meaningful
sequence for the motoric act of speech.
GRAMMAR CLOSURE: Ability which permits one to predict
future linguistic events from past experiences.
HYPERACTIVITY: Excessive motor function or motility.
HYPOACTIVITY: Pronounced absence of motor activity.
IMPERCEPTION: Inability to interpret sensory
KINESTHETIC: Sense that yields knowledge from the
movements of the muscles of the body.
LATERALITY: Complete motor awareness of both sides of
PERCEPTION: Process by which the Central Nervous System
PERSEVERATION: Persistence of previous responses in
spite of their lack of application to the present situation.
SELECTIVE ATTENTION: Allows one to focus purposefully &
for an appropriate length of time on incoming data that will
lead to productive learning.
SOFT SIGNS: Refers to minimal behavioral deviations
in a person, reported by a neurologist, where the
traditional neurological examination shows no clear signs of
brain damage or dysfunction.
SPATIAL-TEMPORAL: Ability to translate a simultaneous
relationship in space into a serial relationship in time or
TEMPORAL-SEQUENTIAL ORGANIZATION: Development of time
& sequencing. (Visual & auditory sequences affect short &
VISUAL ASSOCIATION: Ability to relate visual symbols
in a meaningful way.
VISUAL CLOSURE: Measures the perceptual
interpretation of any visual object or thing when only a
part of it is shown.
VISUAL DISCRIMINATION: The ability to see likenesses
& differences between visual patterns.
VISUAL PERCEPTION: Phenomenon of understanding a
stimulus that is received by the visual system resulting in
VISUAL-SPATIAL ORIENTATION: Learning of spatial
relationships by moving bodies & obtaining feedback from
visual, kinesthetic, tactile pathways.